Born on October 26, 1947, Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton lived her childhood years in Park Ridge, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago. Hillary's active interest in politics began in 1964 when she supported of the Republican Presidential nominee, Barry Goldwater, who is often credited with the resurgence of the conservative movement. However, she could not vote for him at the time due to age restrictions. Goldwater lost in a landslide to incumbent, Lyndon B. Johnson. The following year, Hillary enrolled at Wellesley College, where she became influenced by Marxist and Leftist radicals such as Carl Oglesby and Saul Alinsky, the latter whom she had a personal relationship with. Alinsky's Rules for Radicals, a controversial guide book for community organizers in how to acquire power for the "Have-Nots", became a favorite of Hillary's; so much so she would write her thesis on Alinskyite tactics titled There Is Only the Fight . . . : An Analysis of the Alinsky Model. While enrolled at Yale Law School, Hillary was further influenced by radical leftist professors like Duncan Kennedy and Thomas Emerson. Hillary, who once was a Goldwater Conservative, was now completely transformed into a far left Marxist Liberal.
In 1978, Bill and Hillary Clinton partnered with James and Susan McDougal to acquire 220 acres of riverfront property and establish the Whitewater Development Corporation. The business dissolved in 1992, and left the Clintons with a reported net loss of over $40,000. James McDougal's Madison Guaranty Savings and Loans Bank – which arranged many of the loans for the Whitewater venture – failed in the late 1980's. The failed business venture went unnoticed until L. Jean Lewis, a Resolution Trust Corporation investigator, filed a criminal referral to the FBI due to the Madison Guaranty Savings and Loans Bank's history of fraudulent loans and accounting fraud.
The Madison investigation eventually expanded into a Senate inquiry of the Whitewater Development Corporation which scrutinized many Clinton associates and the Clintons themselves. Ultimately, fifteen close friends and partners of the Clintons were convicted of various crimes, though some of them were later pardoned by Bill in the last days of his presidency. As for Bill and Hillary Clinton, they were never charged with any crime, but questions still remain about the potential obstruction of justice committed by the then first lady.
Vince Foster was a Deputy White House Counsel and Hillary Clinton's personal friend from their time as legal partners at the Rose Law Firm, and Foster had deep connections in the ongoing scandals of Travelgate and Whitewater during the first few months of Bill Clinton's presidency. On July 20, 1993, Vince Foster was discovered lying in Fort Marcy Park with a fatal gunshot wound. The death was immediately pronounced a suicide due to Foster's alleged extreme level of depression. However, a more detailed investigation by Ken Starr's lead prosecutor, Miguel Rodriguez, proved that Foster's depression had been greatly exaggerated. More importantly, there were two gunshots wounds, therefore making the case for foul play. Ignored by most media outlets, this evidence was not used or mentioned by the Whitewater investigation. The night of Vince Foster's death, Hillary sent some of her most trusted White House staffers into Foster's office to seize any incriminating documents related to Whitewater and any other embarrassing files. Simultaneously, Hillary blocked any attempt by the FBI to search Foster's office.
Craig Livingstone, Director of the White House's Office of Personnel Security, "improperly" accessed FBI files on nearly 700 people, from former Reagan and Bush Administration Cabinet officials to Republican Party leaders. Hillary Clinton, who hired Livingstone, merely called it a "completely honest bureaucratic snafu." However, according to then FBI Director Louis Freeh, the snafu was "an egregious violation of privacy." The end result was simply a resignation by Livingstone, who, it must be noted, had been friends with Hillary since the Rose Law Firm days.
Catherine Cornelius, Bill Clinton's 25-year-old cousin, was allegedly promised the position of Director of the Travel Office. Hillary Clinton then indirectly fired seven employees from the United States Travel Office and replaced them with associates from Arkansas. The head of the travel department, Billy Dale, was charged with embezzlement but was found not guilty in 1995. Due to the time and cost of defending himself, Billy Dale's career was effectively ruined. In 1996, a memo from White House Director of Administration David Watkins surfaced, and revealed that Hillary Clinton was indeed at the core of the scandal.
NAFTA, the highly touted "free trade agreement," promised to create new, higher wage jobs for America and reduce the U.S. trade deficits with Mexico and Canada. But with over one million U.S. jobs lost, income inequality increased, and the trade deficit $181 in 2014, NAFTA has done the exact opposite. In 1996, at an event in New York City, Hillary Clinton said, "I think everybody is in favor of free and fair trade...NAFTA is proving its worth." In 2008, Hillary seemed to have changed her mind, stating, "You know, I have been a critic of NAFTA from the very beginning..."
Due to Hillary Clinton's billing records as a partner in the Rose Law Firm at the center of the Whitewater scandal, Congressional and Justice Department investigators began issuing subpoenas in 1994. Hillary claimed her role was incidental, but when records turned up in the White House in 1996 with her fingerprints on the files, they showed she met repeatedly with key figures in the scandal.
In order to raise money for the struggling Clinton-Gore 1996 presidential re-election campaign, Hillary Clinton, according to the testimony of Nolanda Hill, allowed aerospace giant Loral Space & Communications to sell America's top secret nuclear weapons and rocket technology to China. In return, Clinton's re-election campaign received millions of donations from top tech companies and Chinese citizens. Timothy W. Maier of Insight magazine notes when Bill Clinton took office in 1993, "Chinese missiles couldn't hit the side of a barn. Since Chinagate, the Chinese now have all our military secrets."
Bill Clinton pardoned 450 people during his term, including 140 people during his last day in office, many of whom have benefited the Clinton Foundation financially. Bill even used his presidential authority to pardon his brother, Roger Clinton, who was guilty of a drug offence.
Billionaire Marc Rich, oil trader and financier, was on the FBI's Most Wanted List for violating US trade law for trading with the Ayatollah while Iran held American Hostages; he also owed $48 million in back taxes, and faced 325 years in prison. In his last day in office, Bill pardoned Marc Rich. Before the pardon was issued, Marc's wife donated $100k to Hillary's Senate campaign and $1m to the Democratic Party.
In an interview about her book Hard Choices with ABC News on June 9th, 2014, Hillary Clinton said, "We came out of the White House not only dead broke, but in debt." However, contrary to her statement, the Clintons were reported to have earned $12 million. The Clinton's income between 2001 and 2012 rose to $136.5 million thanks to Hillary's books, Bill's speeches, and The Clinton Foundation.
The Clinton Foundation was founded by Bill Clinton in 1997 as a nonprofit corporation with a mission to "strengthen the capacity of people throughout the world to meet the challenges of global interdependence." Since its creation, the charity organization has raised millions of dollars; however, the nature of how the foundation has raised its funds is still in question. The Clinton Foundation is a center of suspect related to political favors granted by Bill and Hillary Clinton in return for donations from foreign governments, corporations, and financiers.
On September 11, 2012, a large group of Islamic militants attacked the American diplomatic center in Benghazi, Libya. The onslaught resulted in the deaths of U.S. Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens and U.S Foreign Service Officer Sean Smith. Almost immediately, Hillary Clinton and the U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Susan Rice began to blame the attack on anti-Islamic videos and protests, claiming the raid was unplanned and spontaneous. Five days after the incident, when Libyan President Mohamed Magariaf insisted that the attack was indeed a "months in advance" coordinated terrorist attack, Hillary continued to adhere to her former statements. However, as information was leaked to the press (including some of Hillary's private emails), it became increasingly clear that the Obama Administration and Hillary's State Department knew the situation in Benghazi was becoming dangerous. Ambassador Stevens repeatedly asked for more security, but was repeatedly refused by the Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. When under scrutiny for her incompetence and deception at the U.S. House Oversight Committee, Hillary replied, "What difference, at this point, does it make?"
During her 2008 presidential campaign, Hillary Clinton explained how, if elected, "we will adopt a presumption of openness and Freedom of Information Act request and urge agencies to release information quickly." When the insecure private email server was discovered by the FBI, Hillary responded by deleting 32,000 emails, claiming they were personal. However, twenty-two emails were considered highly classified, and therefore withheld from a public release. "This information should have been maintained in the most secure, classified, top-secret servers," said Rep. Chris Stewart, a member of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. Under Title 18, Section 1924 of federal law, it is a misdemeanor punishable by fines and imprisonment for a federal employee to knowingly remove classified information. FBI Director James Comey suggested that the Justice Department did not need to prosecute her even though he warned, "this is not to suggest that in similar circumstances, a person who engaged in this activity would face no consequences. To the contrary, those individuals are often subject to security or administrative sanctions."